A critical evaluation of systematic reviews assessing the effect of chronic physical activity on academic achievement, cognition and the brain in children and adolescents: a systematic review

Ref ID 221
First Author T. M. Wassenaar
Year Of Publishing 2020
URL https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12966-020-00959-y.pdf
Keywords Paediatrics
Public health
Problem(s) No registered or published protocol
Reasons for excluding potentially eligible studies not provided
Limited quality assessment or no risk of bias
Low methodological (AMSTAR) quality
Risk of bias not incorporated into conclusions of review
Inconclusive or lack of recommendations
Number of systematic reviews included 19
Summary of Findings Of the 19 included systematic reviews of the effects of chronic physical activity in children and adolescents: one was high-quality and eighteen were (critically) low-quality reviews. Low quality reviews suggested physical activity-related brain changes, but lacked an interpretation of these findings. Only 26% of included reviews had an a-priori design, 16% included an overview of excluded studies, 72% assessed risk of bias, but only 15% reviews considered quality information in their evidence synthesis.
Did the article find that the problem(s) led to qualitative changes in interpretation of the results? Not Applicable
Are the methods of the article described in enough detail to replicate the study? Yes