Errors in systematic review abstracts or plain language summaries

This problem is addressed in PRISMA 2009, PRISMA 2020 and MECIR. Consistency and accuracy between the abstracts and the main reports is key to ensure that systematic reviews are not taken out of context. There is dedicated PRISMA extension for reporting abstracts of systematic reviews (PRISMA-A).

Articles that support this problem:

Eight Out of Every Ten Abstracts of Low Back Pain Systematic Reviews Presented Spin and Inconsistencies With the Full Text: An Analysis of 66 Systematic Reviews

2020 : Journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy

Reporting Quality of Systematic Review Abstracts Published in Leading Neurosurgical Journals: A Research on Research Study

2019 : Neurosurgery

Deficiencies in the publication and reporting of the results of systematic reviews presented at scientific medical conferences

2015 : Journal of clinical epidemiology

Quality and clarity in systematic review abstracts: an empirical study

2016 : Research synthesis methods

Cochrane plain language summaries are highly heterogeneous with low adherence to the standards

2016 : Bmc medical research methodology

Assessment of the abstract reporting of systematic reviews of dose-response meta-analysis: a literature survey

2019 : Bmc medical research methodology

Reporting of effect direction and size in abstracts of systematic reviews

2011 : Jama

Assessment of the quality of reporting in abstracts of systematic reviews with meta-analyses in periodontology and implant dentistry

2014 : Journal of periodontal research

Reporting quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of otorhinolaryngologic articles based on the PRISMA statement

2015 : Plos one

Systematic reviews in orthodontics: Impact of the PRISMA for Abstracts checklist on completeness of reporting

2019 : American journal of orthodontics & dentofacial orthopedics

Spin the Abstracts of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Regarding the Treatment of Meniere's Disease

2021 : Annals of otology, rhinology and laryngology

Over 30% of Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Focused on Rotator Cuff Tear Treatments Contained Spin in the Abstract

2021 : Arthroscopy

Letter to the Editor - Not even the top general medical journals are free of spin: A wake-up call based on an overview of reviews

2021 : Journal of clinical epidemiology

Has the Reporting Quality of Systematic Review Abstracts in Nursing Improved Since the Release of PRISMA for Abstracts? A Survey of High-Profile Nursing Journals

2020 : Worldviews on evidence-based nursing

Assessment of spin in abstracts of Endodontic Systematic Reviews with meta-analyses published between 2010 and 2022. Are we in need of more transparent interpretation of findings?

2022 : International endodontic journal

Current status of the reporting quality of abstracts in systematic reviews related to implant dentistry: a literature survey

2023 : International journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery